Health Effects of Damp & Mould
Damp properties can cause mould, which releases invisible spores into the air and can cause health issues.
Building materials of organic origin (e.g. plasterboard, softwood joists and wallpaper) are particularly prone to fungal growth especially when the material is damaged by water e.g. leaking water pipes, flooding or faulty building construction.
Current research suggests that some groups are especially vulnerable to exposure to mould in damp environments and these are documented as children, the elderly, pregnant woman, those with cardiovascular or respiratory problems; persons with immunodeficiency or those with allergies.
Properties within the moulds themselves, or as a by-product of their growth and reproduction phase, can increase the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, allergies and asthma as well as distress to the immune system. For further details please refer to the World Health Organisations guidelines for indoor air quality : dampness and mould 2009.
Often ordinary living conditions can cause damp and mould, such as cooking, bathroom condensation, drying clothes on radiators, all when without the adequate ventilation. Some properties can also be poorly ventilated, and this needs to be addressed to ensure mould contamination is eradicated and the root cause is tackled.